78,433 self-consumption installations and 435,773 PV installations connected to the French grid at the end of 2019
Published on Monday 9 March 2020 | Article n°312
With a title such as "Collective photovoltaic self-consumption: one step forward, two steps back", Batirama presents the blockages set up by the administration to hinder the development of self-consumption.
Currently, solar energy has become the least expensive energy.
The production cost of gas or coal-fired power stations ranges from €50 to €60 / MWh. The contract signed between EDF and the British government in 2012 for the construction and operation of nuclear power stations at Hinkley Point is based on a guaranteed purchase price of £92.5 / MWH, i.e. approximately €110 / MWh.
At the end of 2018, the European directive 2018/2001 aims to reinforce energy decentralisation and develop photovoltaic self-consumption, both individual and collective. At the end of 2019, according to Enedis, there were 78,433 self-consumption installations in France (65,314 with surplus injection and 13,119 installations without surplus injection), out of a total of 435,773 photovoltaic installations connected to the grid. In September 2019, there were only 16 collective self-consumption operations in France, and perhaps around 30 at the end of February. Self-consumption is collective when a photovoltaic installation supplies several consumers, the flats of a collective building, or the municipal buildings of a locality.
Law n°2019-1147 of 8 November 2019 was taken to transpose Directive 2018/2001 into French law, with the following obstacles:
1°) The criterion of geographical proximity is for a period of five years only. After ?
2°) the distance separating the furthest participants must not exceed 2 km ;
3°) the participants must always be downstream of the same public medium to low voltage electricity transformer station ;
4°) the cumulated production power in the context of an extended self-consumption operation must not exceed 3 MWp on the metropolitan territory.
5°) recourse to third party financiers is now authorised under the authority of an organising legal entity (PMO),
The producer of collective self-consumption - extended or not - remains subject to taxes (CSPE) and to the Turpe (Tariff for the Use of Public Electricity Networks). Ticfe + Turpe represent approximately 7 c€/kWh, even if the energy is supplied free of charge. In addition, the Turpe includes two tariffs since1 August 2018 for collective self-consumption operations: a tariff for self-consumed energy flows; a tariff increased by 15% (Turpe + 15%) for kWh purchased from the grid. Collective self-consumption operations are not exempt from the Ticfe (the result of the merger of the CSPE and the tax on final electricity consumption), while individual self-consumption operations are exempt from the Ticfe. Finally, the administrative procedures to be completed with Enedis are extremely long and complex.
Law n°2019-1147 of 8 November 2019 provides for around ten ordinances, accompanied by decrees, themselves followed by orders, ... as many texts as the government will draft on its own. The risk is that new restrictions will be introduced to further limit self-consumption in France.
A great many studies to set up self-consumption fail because of the current Turpe and Ticfe regime. If these two taxes were abolished, collective self-consumption operations would multiply.
Batirama of March 4th